Lao Front National Construction

Background and History of Lao Front for National Construction

Lao Front for National Construction (LFNC) was established on 13th August 1950

Until now (13 August 2015), the LFNC still exists and has been developing for 3 history eras.

  1. The establishment, development and expanding of the LFNC (The Lao National Front)
  2. The need to have Lao National Front Construction

Laos is a small country with small population, but abundant with natural resources and has diverse ethnic groups. The Lao people have solidarity among each other and which they had joint history in combating bravely to protect their homeland under the leadership of great moral national heroes.  Laos was invaded and colonized by the majesty and foreign emperors. However, the Lao people did not want to be colonized or stay under those powers, they decided to continuously set up the Anti-French Resistance War such as: The civilian armed force in Savannakhet led by Father Kaduad (1901-1902), The civilian armed military force in Dongbolaven led by Ongkeo, Ongkommadam (1902-1937), The Hmong’s civilian armed force in the northern part led by King (Jaofa) Pudchai (1918-1922) and other forces. However, those civilian forces were defeated because of many reasons including the 2 main following reasons:

  1. No clear revolution theory and direction (Meaning there were no revolutionary party yet)

The fight led by patriotic ancestors and the ethnic groups’ savant was still fragmented in local areas, lack of central control, had no national collaboration, unable to assemble the forces and expand them throughout the country. This showed in the weak solidarity of the Lao civilian because of the little spread of Lao front organizations. The Indochina Communist Party was established in 1930, the Party set the directive policy and strategy for the Indochina war. Seeing the important roles of LFNC, the Lao Territory Party Organization was established in 1934, which considered the first step of improvement, expansion of party organization and Lao mass organization. On the 1rst December 1941, the Indochina Communist Central Party Committee ordered to create the Independent Lao Brothers Friendship, the orders clearly stated that: “the Independent Lao Brothers Friendship is to help assemble the Lao civilian’s force to go against the foreign emperors” The party encouraged the mobilization of mass in rural areas and the area of ethnic groups by having farmers as the fundamental force for the revolution. Therefore, the battle occurred in main districts, which resulted to have the Sovereignty Seizure Day.

on 23rd August 1945 and the Announcement of Independence Day on 12th October 1945. At the beginning of 1946, the French colony returned back for the second time to invade Indochina. By having the assistance from British military, the French colony head to invade Salavan Province, Pakse, Savannakhet and Khammouan (Thakhek). Thakhek was attacked on the 21 March 1946. After that, the colony occupied Vieng Chan on 24th Arpil 1946, on the 23rd September 1946, they were in control of Luagphrabang, Phongsali and lastly Huaysai District. In order to keep the long lasting battle force, some of the Free Laos Front government fled to Thailand, some of them withdrew from the districts to the east of the rural areas to set up the defend territories and reorganized the armed force. From 1946-1950 the Lao civilian’s war under the leadership of the Party was stronger, the Lao revolution has its defend territories and the armed force was established in every part of the country; Another important event was on the 20th January 1949, Kaiysone Phommvihane announced to establish Free Laos Army (Now call Lao People’s Army). In addition, the Anti-French war across Indochina fighting fields was rapidly upgraded. In January 1950, the Indochina Central Party Committee’s meeting was held and the prioritized mission for the revolution were determined such as: to continuously set up the strongholds, expand more armed forces to proceed the battles in collaboration with the main war area, establish and widen the National Uniform Front as well as establishing the Lao Resistant Government.

  1. The establishment, development and expansion of LFNC

The LFNC has its establishment, development and expansion background for 65 years, which was divided into 3 periods and had conducted 4 periods of National Lao Front Delegations meeting as follows:

             

                                      Prince Souphanouvong, The Politburo of the Party Central Committee, President of Lao PDR.

 

  • The President of the Central Lao Freedom Front (1950-1956)
  • The President of the Central Lao Patriotic Front (1956-1979
  • The President of the Central Lao Front for National Construction (1979-1987)

 

 

First: Lao Free Front Period

  • The first Free Laos Front Congress: to implement the anti war movement in Laos as stated in the Indochinese Communist Central Party Conference at the beginning of 1950. After the first period of preparation, there was also the Resistant Lao Front Congress in 13th August 1950 in Tien Kuoang Vietnam, participated by 150 delegations, representatives of armed forces from every part of the country, ethnic groups, classes, civil societies, religions, ages of the defended and enemy inspection territories across the country.

 

  • The congress agreed to establish the National Front named:

“Lao Free Front”
consisting of 15 people from the Central Lao Free Front Committee, by having Prince Souphanouvong as the President.




The congress adopted 12 political projects, in which some projects remained useful in the present days:

  1. Attack and fight against the French Colony and the exiles, the interfering tactic of the foreign emperors.
  2. Establish an independent, unity Laos and establish the national mixed government.
  3. Implement the freedom in democracy as well as the freedom in beliefs
  4. Seized the emperors’ assets to be the state’s assets.
  5. Cancel all the customs regulated by the French colony, to have fair customs regulations, eliminate the use of labor without payment
  6. Increase industries, agriculture and commerce, solve the transportation and telecommunication problems, improved the living condition, reduced farm land renting rate and interest rate.
  7. Announced the enforcement of Labor Law and the Labor Assurance Law.
  8. Elimination of illiteracy, increase the learning of National Culture.
  9. Expand the civilian war and formally establish the Lao National Army
  10. Provide freedom among all Lao citizens.
  11. Set up the Front named: Lao Free Front
  12. Maintain the solidarity with Vietnamese-Khmer people; tighten the relations with democratic countries, participated in the Front for global peace.

 

The congress agreed on the name of the nation which was the “Lao Nation”, agreed on the national flag, which is the flag with the moon shine symbol as the Lao Free flag and adopted the rhythm of national song composed by Thongdy and the lyrics by Sisana Sisan as well as adopted the Coat of Arms.


The congress agreed to establish the “Lao Free” newspaper (Now called Paxaxon Newspaper) that would be the voice for Lao Free Front and the resistant government under the direct leadership of the party.


 

The outstanding performances during the period of Lao Free Front: The Lao Free Front carried on the leading role on behalf of the party to keep the friendship force among laborers, farmers and the political powers, civil societies, gathering the solidarity among the peoples, special relations with the army and peoples of Vietnam, the relations of the three Indochinese, completed the historical mission such as: release the country from the former colonial, force the former colonial to sign on the Shernell Agreement in 1954 to acknowledge our independence, sovereignty and the entire land of Laos; To make Lao well-known and upgrade the role of Laos in the global political arena; The revolutionary force consisted of 2 front provinces such as: Phongsaly and Huaphan, which had the legal status.

Second: Lao Patriotic Front Period.

The second congress of Lao Free Front

In order to widening the national front, in 6-9 January 1956 to Leuiy Village, Phoun and Soi District, Huaphan Province, the Lao Free Front held a congress with the participation of about 15 delegations, 138 complete delegations which was the representatives of the party organization, the authorized organization, Lao citizen and the patriotic savant. The congress agreed to change the name from Lao Free Front to Lao Patriotic Front and changed the name of the newspaper from “Lao Freedom” to “Lao Patriotic”. The congress also adopted the nomination of 47 Lao Patriotic Front Central Committee. Prince Souphanouvong was nominated to be the president of central Lao patriotic Front and 6 vice presidents was also nominated.



The third Lao Patriotic Front Congress. The Lao Patriotic Front Congress was held on the 6-9 April 1964 at Thongakai, Viengxay District, Huaphan District with the participation of 227 delegations. The congress adopted the nomination of 76 Lao Patriotic Front central committees. Prince Souphanouvong was nominated as the President and 3 more vice presidents were also nominated.

 

The outstanding performances during the Lao Patriotic Front:

  • The Lao Patriotic Front was the legal organization during the time that the Party was not yet legalized. Every policy plan and the Party’s policy whether for domestic and international issues must go through the Lao Patriotic Front for the Lao civilians to implement.
  • The first coalition government in 1957: Pathet Lao and the Royal Lao Government
  • By participating in the parliament member, the Lao Patriotic Front and the Central Front won the election. One female represented the Lao Patriotic Front was elected in to the Parliament.
  • Mobilized the Lao civilians to participate in the battle and assisted the 2nd Battalion of the Pathet Lao, which was located at the Plain of Jars, fighting to successfully get the enemy from the stronghold area and resettled the armed force again.
  • Mobilized the Lao civilians to fight against the exiles, to assist the 16 party’s leader and the Lao Patriotic Front safely escape from the Phonkheng Prison, in Vientiane to the stronghold areas.
  • Mobilzed the Lao civilians to contribute, assist, support the coup and other policies of the coup’s committee (9.8.1960) of the second air force army that destroyed the Vientiane government in exile. This is to widening the revolutionary force by having the good relationship with the central patriotic force.
  • Encourage the Lao civilians and the revolution force to rapidly attack the enemy located in Luangnamtha and bring independence to that province. To widen and connect the stronghold area.
  • Mobilized complete battle and signed on the Shernell Treaty in 1962

 

The second government coalition consisted of 3 government parties: Lao Patriotic party, the middle party and the royal Lao government. It was an important military, political and international affairs victory. It was the benchmark for the advanced improvement of the revolutionary.

  • Mobilized the national patriotic, enemy defending in order to win the battle in each area such as:

Samson, Sonxay, Mangkon, Sikhodtabong, Thanongkied, Phukoud, Nambark, Kukied, Larmsern 719 fortress and other fortress under the slogan “ Everything is for the Lao Front, Everything is to win against the nation’s enemy”

  • Gathered all the patriotic force, savants, peace supporter and advanced people in the enemy area; Organized the political combination meeting between Lao Patriotic Front and the Middle Patriotic Force in Huaphan Province, from 2-13 October 1965, which was considered to be the new step of the relationship with the middle force in helping each other to go against the American Emperor and the exiles.
  • Maintained solidarity, improved every sector in the independent areas, established states to be called the result of the country’s victory.
  • Strengthened the political revolution, protect the Lao Shernell Agreement of 1962 and other agreements that were signed between the three parties. Strengthened the foreign affairs to gain the support from neighboring countries.
  • Independent areas: Mobilized to have solidarity among Lao civilians and increase the production, produce fundamental equipment for agriculture such as: irrigation, agricultural production experiment station, small industry, handicraft and commerce was also established, transportation and telecommunication was improved; Education, culture, public health was also expanded.
  • Mobilized the mass organizations and participated in the third Lao Front, especially to implement the Vientiane treaty, the convention of the Vientiane Treaty, implement the 3 strategic in seizing the authority power across the country in the form of: “Be Tactful before expressing and express it” then announced the Proclamation of the Lao PDR on the 2nd December 1975.

 

Third: The Lao Front for National Construction

The Lao Patriotic Front Central Committee called to assemble and held the Lao Patriotic Front congress from 16-20 February 1979 at the Nongbon Meeting Hall, Vientiane Capital. With 200 delegations participated, the congress agreed to change the name “Lao Patriotic Front” to “Lao Front for National Construction” and adopted the proposal to nominate the 76 Lao Front for National Construction Central Committee, in which Prince Souphanouvong was the president and 3 vice presidents and 3 standing committees were also nominated.



The 4th LFNC congress was held between 9-11 September 1987 at the Nongbuathong meeting hall, Sikhodtabong District, Vientiane Capital, with the participation of 300 delegations; The congress adopted the proposal to nominate the central LFNC committee of 94 people. Mr. Phoumy Vongvichid, the Politburo of the Lao Party Central Committee was nominated as the president of LFNC, 2 vice presidents and 4 standing committees were also nominated.

Phoumy Vongvichid, The Politburo of the Lao Party Central Committee,
President of Central LFNC (1987-1991)

 

vongvichit

From 1991-1996, Mr, Maiysouk Xaysomphaeng, the Politburo of the Lao Party Central Committee was nominated as the President of LFNC, 1 vice president and 4 standing committees were also nominated.

Maysouk Xaysomphaeng, The Politburo of the Lao Party Central Committee,
President of Central LFNC (1991-1996)

saysompheng

The 6th LFNC congress was held between 17-20 January 1996 at the National Assembly meeting hall, Vientiane Capital, with the participation of 261 delegations; The congress adopted the proposal to nominate the central LFNC committee of 98 people. In here, Mr. Oudom Khatiya, the Politburo of the Lao Party Central Committee was nominated as the president of LFNC, 3 vice presidents and 3 standing committees were also nominated.

 Oudom Khatiya, Politburo of the Lao Party Central Committee,
President of central LFNC (1996-1999)

khatiya

 Siho Bannavong, Central Party Committee, Acting President of central LFNC (1999-2001)

The 7th LFNC congress was held between 24-26 May 2006 at the KM 6 meeting hall, Vientiane Capital, with the participation of 161 delegations; The congress adopted the proposal to nominate the central LFNC committee of 116 people. In here, Phon chatava Sisavad Keobounophanh, the Politburo of the Lao Party Central Committee was nominated as the president of LFNC, 4 vice presidents were also nominated.

Sisavad Keobounphanh, Politburo of the Lao Party Central Committee, President of Central LFNC (2001-2011)

The 8th LFNC congress was held between 15-17 May 2006 at KM 6 meeting hall, Vientiane Capital, with the participation of 350 delegations; The congress adopted the proposal to nominate the central LFNC committee of 135 people, 19 females and 11 monks In here, Phon aek Sisavad Keobounphanh, the Politburo of the Lao Party Central Committee was nominated as the president of LFNC, 6 vice presidents were also nominated.

Prof. Dr. Phanduanchid Vongsa, Central Party Committee
President of Central LFNC (2011-2016)


The 9th LFNC congress was held between 5-7 July 2011 at KM 6 meeting hall, Vientiane Capital, with the participation of 500 delegations; The congress adopted the proposal to nominate the central LFNC committee of 161 people. In here, Prof.Dr. Phanduanchid Vongsa, the Central Party Committee was nominated as the president of LFNC, 6 vice presidents were also nominated.

The Tenth National Congress of the Lao Front for National Construction was held on the 8-9th June 2016

Under the theme: “Strengthening the solidarity among Lao Civilians, mobilizing the society to participate in the patriotic and development in order to implement the Tenth Party Congress Resolutions and the 8th Five-Year National Social-Economic Development Plan, continue to implement the 4 break through to upgrade the roles and the operation quality of the LFNC”. There are 224 delegates in the  tenth LFNC central committee, in which 47 are women  representing all Lao ethnic groups, classes, religions, ages including the Lao origins in abroad The inaugural meeting adopted the nomination of the 10th central LFNC committee president, adopted the 6 vice presidents and the 10th delegations.

 

Ph.D. Xaysomphone Phomvihane

Politburo of the Lao Party Central Committee

President of central LFNC, the standing committee of LFNC


 

  1. Mr. Khambai Damlud, Central Party Committee
    Vice President
    Standing Committee of LFNC


 

  1. Mr. Khamla Lingnasone
    Vice President,
    Standing Committee of LFNC



  1. Ms. Khamchanh Phomsengsavanh
    Vice President,
    Standing Committee of LFNC

 

  1. Mr. Chanthavong Seanamadmonty
    Vice President,
    Standing Committee of LFNC




5.
Prof. Dr Somoke Kingsada
Vice President,
Standing Committee of LFNC

 

 

 6. Mr. Yiakerya Norjor
Vice President,
Standing Committee of LFNC



 


7. Ms. Siphachanh Nanthavongsa
Standing Committee of LFNC



 

8.Mr. Keochalern Xiayingyarng
Standing Committee of LFNC

 

 


Mr. Khanonglid Sisomboun
Standing Committee of LFNC

 

The Tenth National Congress of the Lao Front for National Construction

 

Calenda

Oct-2017
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Traditional Lao Part 1

Traditional Lao Part 2

Traditional Lao Part 3